Sabado, Mayo 11, 2013


                                                                     Ancient Tagalog

 According  to Fr Juan De Plasencia whom the first Franciscan Missionary whom founded the town of Lucban whom observed the social  classes of Lucban base on his  book los Custumbres Tagalog
There were three distinct Classes on ancient Tagalog the upper class, the middle class and the lowest class. The upper class called maharlika by the Tagalogs, occupied the highest positions in society. They consisted of the datus (kings or chiefs) and their families and relatives. They enjoyed great political power and high social privileges. Among the Tagalogs, the datus usually carried the title of Gat or Lakan and their wives were called dayang or dayang-dayang–a term still used in Sulu today.


1595 - Marcos Tigla                                          1653 -Bartolome Paraan
1596 - Luis Gumba                                            1654 -  Luis Sibar
1597 - Lucas Manawa                                       1655 - Juan Cortez
1598 - Luis Galandong                                       1656 - Juan Alvaro
1600 - Francisco Ganlio                                     1657- Diego Quilala
1601 - Lucas Manawa                                       1658 - Lucas Sanchez
1602 - Francisco Mataptap                                1659 - Francisco Agtas
1603 – Juan Gagondong                                     1660 – Juan Salao
1604 – Agustin Calahao                                      1661-  Esteban Pascual
1605 – Francisco Ganlio                                     1662 – Agustin Villegas
1606 – Lucas Manawa                                        1663 - Buenaventura Maceo
1607 – Francisco Mataptap                                1664 - Buenaventura Castillo
1608 – Lucas Manawa                                       1665 – Francisco Clamares
1609 – Agustin Calahao                                      1666- Antonio Galves
1610 – Diego Mangopit                                      1667 – Lorenzo at Cauyan
1611 – Francisco Mataptap                                1668 – Juan Dimaquibo
1612 – esteban Bontogon                                   1669 – Juan Suarez De Luna
1613 – Diego Mangopit                                      1670 – Bartolome Sanchez
1614 – Andres Ganlio                                         1671 – Juan Palar
1615 – Diego Canaig                                          1672 – Buenaventura Bagsic
1616 – Agustin Calahao                                      1673 – Juan Cortez
1617 – Juan Mangopit                                         1674 – Santiago Oracion
1618 – Francisco Magtaptap                               1675 – Buenaventura Arias Dimaquibo
1619 – Diego Mangopit                                       1676 – Jose Buenaventura
1620 – Agustin Calahao                                       1677 – Buenaventura De Torres
1621 – Buenaventura Maceo                                1678 – Juan Cortez
1622 – Eteban Caliuagan                                      1679 – Juan Pedresa
1623-  Vicente Masampang                                  1680 –  Diego Ignacio
1624 – Benito De La Cruz                                   1681 – Jose Mateo de Luna
1625 - Bernadino Cavelis                                     1682 – Simon Palar
1626 – Benito De La Cruz                                    1683 – Francisco Casilang
1627 – Buenaventura Maceo                                1684 – Nicolas Sapaca
1628 – Pedro Bangalin                                          1685 – Jose Castillo
1629 – Diego Mangopit                                        1686 – Lucas Martin De La Concepcion
1630 – Lucas Martin                                             1687 – Francisco De Leon
163 -   Francisco Casilang                                       1688 – Francisco Soyo o Sokho
1632 – Francisco Magtigas                                    1689 – Buenaventura Claudio
1633 – Eteban Sagabao                                         1690 – Pedro Palar
1634 – Pedro Manalig                                            1691 – Santiago Oracion
1635 – Antonio Manalig                                         1692 – Gregorio Lazaro
1636 – Juan Humanda                                            1693 – Geronimo De Los Santos
1637 – Felipe Caantig                                             1694 – Jose Sibar
1638 – Antonio Gocol                                             1695 – Francisco Casilang
1639 – Juan Cahampil                                             1696 – Pedro palar
1640 – Luis Hangarin                                              1698 – Juan Suarez de Luna
1641 – Buenaventura Palobay                                  CAPITAN                                                                     
1642 -  Luis De La Cruz                                        
1699 – Lorenzo Casindac
1643 – Andres Sampacan                                      1700 Capitan Pedro Oracion
1644 – Juan Lovino                                                1701 – Antonio De Avila
1645 – Francisco Magyari                                      1702 – Buenaventura Mirana
1646 – Francisco Clamares                                     1703 -  Felipe Buenaventura
1647 – Juan Humanda                                             1704 - Jose  Mateo  De Luna
1648 – Gregorio de Leon
1649 – Juan Demaquibo
1650 – Francisco Magyari
1651 - Buenaventura Maceo
1652 -  Juan Lovino

Below These were the middle class freemen,called Timauas by the Tagalogs, Cebuanos, Hilagaynons, and Ilokanos. Regarded as the middle class, they were born free individuals or emancipated slaves; and so were their children. They owned their own houses, land, and other pieces of property.  They were warriors, artists, craftsmen, farmers, and hunters. They accompanied the datu when he went to war and hunting expeditions

The slaves constituted the lowest social class in ancient Philippine society. They were called alipins by the Tagalogs and similar names by the other ethno-linguistic groups in the country. A person became a slave in various ways–by birth or inheritance, by captivity in war, by failure to pay his debt, by purchase, or by committing a crime. But a slave could become a freeman by purchase, by marriage, by paying his master a certain amount, and by the voluntary action of his masters to free him.
Among the ancient Tagalogs, the slaves or dependents were either aliping mamamahay (slave in the home) or aliping saguiguilid (slave around the home). The aliping mamamahay could own property, could marry even without his master’s consent, and could not be sold. He served his master by planting and harvesting his crops, by rowing his boat, and by helping in the construction of this house. On the other hand, the aliping saguiguilid had no house of his own. He lived in the home of his master, coul be sold and could not marry without the permission of his master.


1705 – Bartolome Marcelo                                    1757 – Juan Antoniop De Los Santos
1706 – Mateo Montoya                                         1758 – Pedro Diego Del Esperito Santo
1707 – Bartolome De La Concepcion                    1759 – Jose De Los Santos
1708 – Pedro De La Cruz                                      1760 – Jose Garcia De San Fernando
1709 – Francisco de Leon                                      1761-  Bernardo Bonifacio
1710 – Juan Ballesteros                                          1762 – Luis San Buenaventura
1711 –  Juan Cortez                                               1763 – Juan Bonifacio
1712 – Antonio De San Jose                                  1764 – Juan Torres
1713 – Luis Buenaventura masangalang                  1765 – Luis De Los Reyes
1714 – Jose Alvaro De  Luna                                 1766 – Geronimo De Los Reyes
1715 – Lazaro Martinez                                          1767 – Bartolome Del Castillo
1716 – Antonio ManaligAgustin Calahao                 1768 – Antonio Manalig De Los Santos
1717 – Juan CuestaJuan Mangopit                           1769 – Juan Buenaventura
1718 – Lazaro  Martinez                                          1770 – Juan Cortez
1719 –  Francisco Julian                                           1771 – Francisco Faustino
1720 – Andres De La Cruz                                      1772 – Antonio Flores
1721 – Santiago Gutierrez                                        1773– Miguel Doroteo
1722 – Francisco Agtas                                            1774 – Luis Bonifacio
1723-  Juan Enriquez De Leon                                  1775 –  Gregorio Jose De Leon
1724 –Juan Bernardo                                                1776 – Bartolome Castillo
1725 –  Francisco de  La Cruz                                  1777 – Luis Salvador De Luna
1726 –  Antonio Torres Demaquibo                           1778 – Euctacio De Valencia
1727 – Francisco Custodio                                        1779 – Luis Bonifacio
1728 – Andrez Mercado De La Cruz                         1780 – Juan De San Jose
1729 –Juan Crisostomo De Leon                               1781 – Luis Ignacio De Vargas
1730 – Buenaventura De La Cruz                               1782 – Vicente Marcelino
1731-  Bartolome De La Cruz                                    1783 – Diego De San Jose
1732 – Juan De La Concepcion                                  1784 – Luis Salvador De La Luna
1734 – Francisco De Los Santos                                1785 – Domingo De San Buenaventura
1733 – Antonio De Luna                                             1786 – Antonio De La Cruz
1735 – Juan Palar                                                       1787 – Vicente Santiago De La Cruz
1736 – Buenaventura De Los Santos                           1793 – Luis Salvador De Luna
1737 – Jose Matias Palad                                            1794 – Juan Silvino De La Concepcion
1738 – Juan Suarez                                                     1795 – Francisco Sabino de Luna
1739 – Santiago Oracion                                             1796 – Juan Crispin Ignacio
1740 – LorenzoSan Buenaventura                                1797 – Clemente De La Cruz
1741 – Luis De La Cruz                                         1798 -   Inocencio Jose Patricio                        -       1742  Lorenzo Martinez                                               1799 – Juan De San Jose
1743 – Buenaventura De Los Santos                            1800  - Juan Bautista de sta rosa
1744 – Luis Lazaro Santiago                                         1801 – Juan Monroy De torres
1745 – Diego De Santos                                               1802 – Jose Basilio Santiago
1746 – Bernardo Enriquez Del Castillo                          1803 -Antonio Fulgencio De San Gregorio
1747 – Bartolome De Los Santos                                  1804 – Francisco Ignacio
1748 – Lorenzo De San Jose                                         1805 – Francico Chavez
1749 – Luis De San Jose                                               1806 – Mateo Rumualdo
1750 – Santiago pili                                                       1807 – Bartolome Casindac
1751 – Antonio Timoteo                                                1808 -  Bartolome DE San Miguel
1752 -  Luis Blas Santiago                                             1809 – Blas Julian De Los Santos

1753 -  Lorenzo De San Buenaventura                           1810 –  Jose Maria Bonifacio
1754 -  Juan Andres De La Concepcion                         1811 -   Francisco Lopez
1755 -  Benito De La Cruz                                             1812 -   Maximo Arevalo
1756 – Juan Bonifacio                                                    1813 -  Santiago Mateo De Leon
                                                             17th Century Filipino

         Filipino/Chinese (sangley)                               

     1814 Alejo Antonio Gregorio                                     1848 Simeon De Ramos
     1815 Jose Bonifacio                                                   1849 Casimiro Antonio De Leon
     1816 Romualdo De Vargas                                        1850  Pedro De San Miguel
     1817 Francisco De Torres                                          1851 Antonio Veluz
     1818 Felipe San Buenaventura                                    1852 Venancio Cada
     1819 Marcos Cristobal                                               1853 Faustino Salvatierra
     1820 Jose De Luna                                                     1854 Apolinario Bercelon
     1821 Julian Antonio De Los Santos                             1855 Pio Dealino
     1822 Vicente Eusebio De San Jose                             1856 Francisco Villasenor
              Andres Serapion
    1823  Pedro De San Buenaventura                               1857 Eustaquio  Salvacion De La Luna
    1824  Lucas Martin De Mesa                                       1858 Juan Abcede
    1825  Andres Serapion                                                 1859 Juan Rada
    1826  Bernardo De San Juan                                        1860  Bernabe Devanadera
    1827  Ignacio Juan De San Luis                                    1861  Marcelino Salumbides
    1828  Tomas Juan De Luna                                           1862 Silvino Pinon
    1829  Esteban De San Miguel                                       1863-66    Luis Villasenor
    1830  Juan Serafino                                                       1867-68   Justo Palacio
    1831  Celestino Ignacio                                                 1869 -70   Francisco Villasenor
    1832  Francisco De Santo Tomas                                  1871        Anacleto Racelis
    1833  Patricio De San Juan                                            1872      Claudio Penalosa
    1834 Juan Romualdo                                                     1873-74  Pedro Cadelina
    1835 Luis Martin De San Lucas                                     1875-76  Anastacio Morales
    1836 Mateo De San Miguel                                           1877-78  Blas Nanagas
    1837 Gregorio Resurreccion                                           1879 Marciano Tolentino
    1838 Jacinto De Los Santos                                           1880 Feleciano Racelis
    1839 Faustino De San Buenaventura                               1882-83 Victor Eleazar
    1840 Saturnino Cristobal Rilles                                        1884-85 Silvino Pinon
    1841 Miguel De San Buenaventura                                  1886-87 Geronimo Rada
    1842 Juan Villasenor                                                       1888-89 Juan Maderal
    1843 Anacito Penalosa                                                    1890     Felix Nacorda
    1844 Casimiro De San Juan                                             1891-92 Julian Nanagas
    1845 Gavino De San Gabriel                                            1893- 94Demetrio Salvacion De La Luna
    1846 Juan Gregorio                                                          1895-97 Filomeno Esquires
    1847 Antonio Quintos De San Andres

  Under Spanish rule ,the people of Lucban were divided into three classes,The first class was called the taga Bayan who spoke Spanish,wore shoes during major feast days,embroidered slippers on minor feast days,and fainted wood shoes on ordinary days.The women wore loose saya  under a tight fitting tapiz with the opening at the the back and sometimes, they allowed themselves a loose saya made of silk complemented by the expensive and delicately embroidered camesas made of Pina in Church,the taga Bayan had never been seen without prayer books and rosaries made of coral,silver or mother pearl.Almost all them had been to school,they knew how to read,write and embroider a bit of music also on some occasions,they even composed a “Kundiman”


                                   1857  PAINTING OF VICENTE VILLASENOR WIFE                                
                                             Policarfia Manrique Esquirez Villasenor

                                    POLITICAL AFFAIRS during Spanish time
One basic political change affected by the Spanish rule was the establishment of centralized Local Government for the First time. Provinces were organized and placed under a civil officer called Alcalde Mayor(Provincial Governor) Who remained appointed and whose appointment was open only to the Spaniard Each Province was composed of several towns or pueblos which were placed under a Cabeza de Barangay, Both the positions of Gobernadorcillo and Cabeza de Barangays were given to the Filipinos the gobernadorcillos was elected not by popular vote but by the electoral board composed of outgoing Gobernadorcillo and twelve members of Principalia,a body which constituted the social and Political aristocracy in the Locality later the Principalia was expanded to include prayers of land taxes the night to hold office was reserved to members of the principalia.
                         Electoral Board at Lucban Municipal  on October 1892

 Fr Francisco Garcia Clemente                                 Fr. Florentino Tuason
 Sr. Don Catalino Pimentel                                       Sr  Don Feliciano Racelis
Sr. Don Juan Maderal                                              Sr  Don Francisco Villasenor
Sr  Don Victor Eleazar                                              Sr, Don Pablo Nepumuceno
Sr. Don Quirino Eleazar                                             Sr  Don Valentin Romero
Sr. Don Anastacio Morales                                        Sr  Don Silverio Eleazar
Sr  Don Demetrio Salvacion De   La Luna                  Sr Don Marciano Villa

Sr Don Demetreio Salvacion De La Luna receive 9 Votes while Don Feliciano Racelis receive 6 Voted,  It was clear the Sr Don Salvacion De La Luna Won The Election.
                                                                                            Ref. Pantaleon Nantes  Kasaysayan ng Lucban pp.32
                                               Lucban Social Classes during 19th Century
The second class was known as taga Tabi.who generally lived in the borders of the town,Their customs and Practices not very much different from those of first class.They attended the parties given by the upper class,but speak Spanish,did not wear shoes Although they had money to buy them,had never been to any school,and all knew about it,as they heard from taga Bayan,When allowed to be near them.A taga Tabi was anxious to become a taga Bayan and this anxiety was such that they sacrifice their happiness by marrying and old man and Ex Capitan or Ex-Cabeza to acquire the rank of taga Bayan
The third Class,taga Linang,was made up of Common People,all of them peasants.

Lucban Historic Event 1921, two former American Governor General of The Philippines Leonard Wood & Cameron Forbes visited Lucban as representative of US President harding part of philippine islands massive conference/ forum to local Goverment official
                                                                 Old Municipal Building

                                        Beatriz Racelis Villa photo taken December  9, 1927
                                                    American Occupation Social Classes

Social Classes. Lucbanin under American fell under three classes, namely rich,the middle class the masses, such social division was based on wealth rather that Education and Ancestral Lineage.
Some illustrious families during Spanish time however retained their social position among the rich, They started to migrate and travel Abroad.The old ilustrados who were affluent Intellectuals started to faded into Limbo.
Under the American Policy in the first organic Act for the Philippines promulgated by congress, that is the bill of 1902 the Philippine Government was given exclusive power to clarify and dispose all public lands for the  benefits of the Inhabitants such Filipinistic land Policy of America was embodied in the Jones Law of 1916 and reiterated in the Tyding-Mcduffie Act of 1934.America introduced in the Philippines a system of land laws patterned after the Homestead  law every Filipino Citizen the opportunity to Acquire 24 Hectares of Public land for his family
                                           LUCBAN BANDANG BANAHAW 1902

                                             Balbino L Tolentino (1912-1916)

 Born on March 31 1873 Balbino Tolentino was the son of Marciano Tolentino a former Gobernadorcillo of Lucban,and Emeteria Racelis , Balbino was educated a degree in Bachelor of Arts .reputed as an exceptionally intelligent man he could speak Spanish,English and French Fluently’
He married Presentacion Racelis .Two major accomplishment during his term of office as Municipal  President were the Construction of the Intermediate School building , named after him and repair and expansion of the public Market.
Balbino L Tolentino died on March 28 1940 at the age of sixty seven


People of Lucban Social Classes during the emerged of Democracy starting to be divided thru the concept of   New and different Ideology,Religious Belief and sometimes by Political Parties.                                        

Lucban Controversy that divided the people in 1910 ,two distinctively,separate factions the opposing groups were uncerimoniously referred to as Lapian ilaya and Lapian ibaba or Lapian Malaki( Bigger) and Lapian maliliit(Smaller) or popularly called lapian Romano at Lapian Aglipay, although none of these became the officcial names either factions later however both parties would assumed official names of partido Nacionalista and Partido was alsoin 1910 when Aglipayan Church was relocated in the place where it now stands.the United Church of Christ Protestant) was built also in the same year

                                    Gil Racelis Rada Lucban Municipal President (1922-1931)

Gil Racelis Rada was in Lucban,Tayabas  (Now Quezon) on  September 1, 1874 to Geronimo Rada  Former Gobernadorcillo of Lucban during Spanish time and Ruperta Racelis,His early education was begun in Lucban but subsequently sent to Manila to complete his Segunda Ensenza at San Juan De Letran his Carer in law was aborted by the outbreak of the Philippine revolution in which he actively participated His involvement in the Nationalist struggle against Spain  influence  by two of his elder brother  whom one of them name Marcelo Rada  consider founder of Katipunan ng mga anak ng Bayan sa Lucban a Insurgent Organization against Spain o 1896 to 1898
Gil Rada was married to Segunda Cajigal whom he had five Children
On October 16,1908 he was elected Municipal President but failed to assume the Presidential post when his predecessor Col Emilio Zurbano.Died in the office two tears after while (rada)was said to be temporarily residing in Casiguran ,thrice he lost in his bid for Lucban Municipal Presidency,but he was vindicated y his unprecedented election as Municipal President for three Consecutive term

During Incumbency.he called significant accomplishments which included the construction of two concrete bridges near the Catholic and Aglipayan Cemeteries,respectively expansion of Public Market and renovation of Municipal building;However the most exceptional achievements of his Administration
Was the construction of Marcos tigla Elementary School acclaimed to be the biggest public Elementary School in the country it still stand today as lucban’s most significant Cultural Land mark
Gil Rada died on November 12 1943 Casiguran Quezon

 Marcos Tigla Building (    now Gil Rada building)
Completed in the sum of P100.000 ut labor was voluntarily supplied by the able bodied men of Lucban who responded o appeal of Municipal President Rada.This was followed by the construction of two concrete bridges at Daan Tumuloy (Now Mabini St. a certain Municipal Ordinance it Became Hermano Puli St)its was the old route  going to nearby town  Tayabas Quezon (now Quezon) another  was the Sta ana Creek Bridges today was going to Marcos Tigla Elementary School.

                                  Kamatian Bridge constructed 1930 at Daan Tumuloy
                (Now Mabini St. A certain Municipal Ordinance it Became Hermano Puli St)

                                                               Sta Lucia  Bridge II
                                      today was going to Marcos Tigla Elementary School.

Claro Cabungcal 1931-34
 It has been said of Claro Cabungcal that could aptly be called the father of Modern farming in Lucban in his positions Municipal  President He revolutionized the town Agricultural farming by establishing an Agricultural experiments station,which ushered in a breakthrough in  local agriculture by introducing the two crop system in the annual production of rice.
Born in Lucban Tayabas (Quezon) on August 12, 1884 Claro Cabungcal was son of Former Cabeza de Barangay Anastacio Cabungcal in Taal Batangas and gabina Jarnero
He studied all level of Learning offered in Lucban Being a practical man he pursued other interest an fitted himself in business which proved to be successful he married to eduvijes Oracion whom he blessed with 9 Children
Claro Cabungcal served as Councilor 1919-1922

                                                                  Estanislao Cadavez
                                                         Municipal President (1935-1937)

 Emerged Victorious from a hostly contested electoral fight against Feleciano Racelis of Sakdalista and Ricardo Villasenor of  Nacionalista Ricardista Party to earned the distinction of being the first Municipal President of Lucban under the commonwealth Government.
Prior to this Cadavez become an office Clerk in the Municipal Government in 1892-1896,Acting Municipal President of Lucban under the revolutionary Government in 1898 and Census Enumerator 1903 and 1910  On 1912   He was elected Municipal President of Lucban, He married Trinidad Racelis and had two Children

  Senate President Manuel L Quezon in his famous instance while delivering a fiery speech during political meeting of the Partido Nacionalista Consiladado at Cruz Roja,Rizal Avenue, Brgy Abang Lucban, Quezon january 1935 (The House of Gabriel Nanagas)

                                     Cruz Roja  Rizal AvenueBarangay Abang Lucban Quezon

The Municipal council and officials (1938-40) seated (left to right) Mun sec Eriberto Abutal,Coun, Ursula Maderal-Chanco,Mayor Ricardo Villasenor,Mun Treas,Gregorio Isana an Vice Mayor Roman Veluz standing (left to right) Councilors Emiliano Ratio,Anacleto Calimutan,Andres Cuvin,Marcelino Abuel,Daniel Pineda and Delfin Villamater.

 Dr.  Jose Villasenor Eleazar won The election for Mayorship against his Cousin Dr.  Ricardo Villasenor on December 10, 1940 almost  a year  before the Japanese landing forces Occupied Lucban

Dr Jose V. Eleazar refused to collaborated Japanese Authority instead He resign and Plead to to certain Barrio. 
                                                                Lucban World War 2

Dec 26,1941 the Invading Japanese Forces entered the town of Lucban. More than 200 Lucbanin participated on war for the defense of Bataan and Corregidor joined to the combined  Filipino-American Forces  known as the United States Armed Forces of the Far East (USAFFE).only half of them returned home alive.

                                                        Japanese enter  Lucban town on Dec 26 1941

When Bataan and Corregidor fell, nearly half of them returned alive after the months of detention as Prisoner of War at Camp O donell on Capas Tarlac, the Lucban USAFFE survivor of Bataan Death March  and Capas Concentration Camp after their  released , some of them joined the underground resistance movement in Lucban, conduct Guerilla Operation against the Japanese.

                               Lucban Goverment Officcial and worker with the Japanese 1941

                                                               Anacleto Calimutan
                                                      Lucban Municipal Mayor (1942)

The Japanese occupation years saw extreme atrocities committed by the Japanese many Lucbanin were held captive, tortured and killed by the enemies on mere suspicion of collaboration with Guerillas. Before the Liberation of on four occasions which started on January 31, 1945,the Japanese set the town on fire with only 13 houses including the Municipal Building miraculously spared.

When the Japanese invading Forces entered Lucban on December 26,1941 the town was practically deserted. The people took refuge in the Barrios. Not All however.decided flee. There were few who were resolved to stay and face the foreign aggressors.This handful of people were identified as Sakdalistas.
The Sakdal was a nationalist movement which from the beginning was opposed to establishment of commonwealth Goverment .It demanded immediate and absolute independence from the United States. In 1935,The Sakdal staged a bloody uprising in the provinces around Manila to pursue its cause
.Anacleto G. Calimutan Was a Sakdalista. He  was one of the few who remained in Lucban when the Japanese Soldier set foot in Lucban.
In 1942,Calimutan was appointed as Mayor of Lucban by the Japanese.A year after,He was relieved from his post for unknown reasons. He was elected as Councilor in 1938 and in 1941 shortly before the coming of the Japanese Anacleto G Calimutan was Born on July 18 1907 to peasant family. His parents were Gaundencio Calimutan and Maximina Guzman.
During the occupation year,He also became Instructor of Japanese Language.He remained a Bachelor until he was Executed by the Guerillas for accusation of Collaboration to the Japanese

                                                 Lucban burned to the Ground 1945

SANCHO SALIVIA( Lucban Municipal Mayor 1943-45)  it was ,indeed,ironical that man who professed to be an advocate of freedom should die in the hands of those who took up arms in defense of the force of History,Sancho Salivia  suffered his violent fate at the close of  the American liberation years.
Describe as idealist,Salivia was exponent of absolute independence from the United State and rejected the Idea of Commonwealth his predecessor,Anacleto Calimutan,Salivia was a Sakdalista.
A year after Japanesed Sponsored Government was established in Lucban,Salivia was appointed Mayor in 1943 to become first Mayor of Lucban under second Philippine Republic. He was instated to same position in 1945 after Jose V. Eleazar who succeeded him a year earlier was relieved from his post due to failing health.
Sancho Salivia was born in Lucban,Quezon on June 5, 1903 to Epefanio Salivia and Catalina Abustan.He studied at Ateneo de Manila.A man with diversified interest,he pursued practical skills.Skilled in Martial Arts,he was married Aurora Saludares by whom he had two children.
Charged of Collaborating with the Japanese,he was executed by the local Guerillas in March 1945

                             Lucban Catholic Church also damage  by bomb on Liberation of 1945

On April 4, 1945 the American soldiers known as Alamo Scouts together with Sector 43, Anderson Guerilla entered Lucban and Liberated its people.

                                                         Picture of Alamo Scout 1945

                                                          POST WAR PROBLEM

 Lucban having been reborn out of the ashes of World War II was faced by serious problems. The first of these Problems was the Economic reconstruction of the devastated Town of Lucban the Industries and Commerce and the Communication and Transportation system had been destroyed ,The second problem ,was they had  Hundreds of Thousands of of bills of Japanese currency but worthless, the  third problem was the restoration of peace and order of the Town terrorized by the Hukbalahap (Hukbo ng Bayan Laban sa Hapon)
Dona,Aurora Quezon on her visit to Lucban on April 12,1946 .He died on April 28,1949 when her party on the way to Baler were Ambushed by suspected Communist  Huk Movement.


                                                            Mrs Aurora Aragon Quezon
                                                         (wife of President Manuel Quezon )

                                                              President  Manuel Roxas

Changing the name Tayabas to Quezon Province. ( Sept. 7,1946)
The law was signed by Pres. Manuel  Roxas ex Bataaan General & leader of Underground Fil Marking the presence of Lucbanin Congressmen Furtunato Suarez( standing right to Pres. Roxas 2nd man at his back was Lucban Mayor Felimon Villasenor) Cong Tomas Morato Sr. (on his left, her ist wife was late Donya Cecelia Racoma)., Gov. Yanza, Mrs. Aurora Quezon, Mrs. Consuelo Eclevea Lim Morato', Baby Quezon,(later killed by Huk rebel ambus on April 28 1949 together with his mother Aurora) Nene Quezon and other prominent citizens of the Province.LGV PIC

Before World War ll Politics in Lucban  was comparitively clean because most,Politician  then were men of  Integrity,Honesty and having Delicadeza

                                                             Certain that God had plan

                                                     Virgin the Immaculate Concepcion

 He knew for certain that God had plan for him and saved him from certain Death during War on Japanese time .He was imprisoned at the Japanese Garrison for some flimsy reason in those days,Citizen were rounded up at slightest excused, Lucban was gripped with untold terror when the Japanese Kempetai made series of arrest between September 28 and October 1944,Majority of Arrested person came from the prominent people of Lucban,Arrested were Mayor Jose V Eleazar.Vice Mayor Roman Veluz.Sec Roman Salvatuz,Mr Jose Pandy,Lawyer Alfredo Cabungcal, Gabriel Trinidad. Arsenio Cabungcal. Luiis Cabungcal.Alfredo Castro, Marcelo Dealo. Juan Mancenido. Daniel Babista saac Ballo. Jose Cabalquinto many others reaching more than 200 hundreds person . Many Lucbanin were held captive ,tortured and killed by the Japanese One night Felimon Villasenor and fellow prisoner were made to carry and were herded blindfolded out of town. they were made a dig a mass grave for about ten of them when this done, the  Japanese soldier  started shooting them down one by one Felimon Villasenor closed his eyes and started praying fervently. He said tat he saw clearly the image of Virgin the immaculate Concepcion and heard he say “Takbo”(Run) without another thought he ran towards the nearby woods. He heard more shoots he kept on running.I safety he thanked God for this Miracle ad vowed to obey whatever God instructed him to do                                                                        

                                                              Filemon E. Villasenor                            
                                                          Mayor of Lucban 1946-55                                 

When the third Philippine Republic was inaugurated on July 4 1946. Filemon E. Villasenor a former  officer and member of Fil Marking Guerilla, had been appointed as Mayor of Lucban by President Manuel A Roxas as early as May,27,1946.The last Mayor of Lucban under the Commonwealth and the first one under the Third Republic. Villasenor was subsequently elected Unopposed in 1947 and re elected in 1951-till the end of his termed on 1955.
In the midst of ravages of War that had wrought havoc of the town social Economic life, Villasenor first Major accomplishments were construction of Puericulture  Center, reconstruction of Kamatian Bridge at Quezon Avenue, reconstruction of Marcos Tigla Elementary Schools, Lucban Intermediate Schools and the Eskolapiya Building and rehabilitation of all Basic Services to the People of Lucban.
The fifth son of Mariano Villasenor and Emilia Empremiado a young Villasenor was born in Lucban ,Quezon on March 6 1906,He studied at Lucban Institute(Today Lucban Academy) and took up his College Education at the National University where he earned a degree as Pharmaceutical Chemist. He married Mercedez  Villasenor who gave birth to four Children. Mayor Felimon Villasenor Died on Nov 25 1968. The last Mayor came from lineage of Ilustrados  Clan of Lucban serve   during “50” A noble one and a Gentleman

Third Republic

Mayor   ………………………………………………………….Filemon Villasenor
Vice Mayor  ………………………………………………….Alfredo Pineda   
Alfredo Obleada                                  Prisco Velena
Eugenio Deveza                                  Andres cuvin
Dominador veluz                                marcelino abuel
Luis cabungcal                                  sancho abuan
Mayor   ………………………………………………………….Filemon Villasenor
Vice Mayor   ………………………………………………….Alfredo Pineda   
Dominador veluz                                   Eugenio Deveza
Luis cabungcal                                     MIGUEL SALUDADES
DANIEL BABISTA                                     LEANDRO ABUSTAN
PELAGIO JARASA                                    Alfredo Obleada                                 

Mayor   ………………………………………………………….Filemon Villasenor
Vice Mayor   ………………………………………………….  LEANDRO ABUSTAN 
Dominador veluz                                  IGMEDIO PLACINO
NOLI VELORO                                             JULITA CAMITAN
Luis cabungcal                                       Andres cuvin
PELAGIO JARASA                                      JOSE SALUDARES

                                      HOPE  FOR LUCBANIN SURVIVOR OF WAR

                                               LUCBAN MARCOS TIGLA PARK

                                      LUCBAN PARISH CHURCH AFTER LIBERATION

Felimon Villasenor with the Lucban Barrio Lieutenant at Malacanang  March 8, 1950


                                                 kamatian Bridge picture 1954

                                                            Hobart R Dator. ( 1956-1971)
 Hobart Racelis Dator has gained the Singular distinction of having served the longest term (Sixteen consecutive years) as Mayor of Lucban , However,Dator claim recognition by posterity perhaps lies in his phenomenal rise to become one of the luminaries of Lucban Politics yin Public service,Dator was elected fgour times as Mayor. Subsequently, ,He won a seat in the provincial board to serve for another twelve years.he has been also appointed as Vice Governor of Quezon Province
Hobart R. Dator was born in Lucban, Quezon on February 11, 1923.His parents, Patricio Dator and Salome Racelis,were both engaged in small-scale buntal industry .The son was sent to Lucban Elementary School for his early Education. Times hard for the family,and the young Dator, after finishing his first year High School, left home.He went to Quezon City and managed to get a lowly Job as Houseboy ,later he was employed at the Laxamana and Lucky Shoe Factory
It was during the Japanese occupation in 1943 when Dator married Feliza Deveza. Rising the challenge of Nationalism ,Dator left his wife after less than a month of marriage to join the President Quezon own Guerillas his group later joined the sector 43 Anderson Guerillas. Dator was assigned to command the sector’s  service company.
The post war years saw Dator managing Guerilla Cooperative Store. He was after ward employed by the Laguna-Tayabas Bus Company as Driver and promoted later Dispatcher.
He ran for Mayor in 1951,and lost to then Incumbent Mayor Felimon Villasenor in 1955.He won the Mayorship to serve  Lucban for the next sixteen years,
 To Mayor Hobart Dator is attributed the establishment of Lucban Municipal High School. the forerunner of today Southern Luzon State University it was this School where Mayor Dator was to complete his High School Education. other notable accomplishments of his Administration include improvement of the Apolinario De La Cruz Waterworks System; Cementing of streets, construction of Additional School building Barrio Halls and waiting sheds and reconstruction of the Municipal Building destroyed by fire in 1968
In 1971,Dator was elected member of the Provincial Board and easily reelected in 1980,winning the number one seat against 16 Candidates He was also appointed Vice Governor of  Quezon Province His marriage to Felisa Deveza was blessed with eight Children

Mayor   ………………………………………………………….Hobart  R Dator
Vice Mayor   ………………………………………………….  Jesus Saludares  
RODRIGO NANAD                                     MARCELO SALIENDRA
 Felixberto san juan                        Dominador veluz                                 
MARIANO VER                                          ERIBERTO ABULENCIA
JULITA CAMITAN                                     IGMEDIO PLACINO

Mayor   ………………………………………………………….Hobart  R Dator
Vice Mayor   …………………………………………………. ERIBERTO ABULENCIA
Dominador veluz                                  TIRSO LODRIGA
MARIANO VER                                          IGMEDIO PLACINO
RODRIGO NANAD                                     BAUTISTA ORACION
JULITA CAMITAN                                     MARCELO SALIENDRA

Mayor   ………………………………………………………….Hobart  R Dator
Vice Mayor   …………………………………………………. ERIBERTO ABULENCIA
MARIANO VER                                          NEMENSIO VALLE
JULITA CAMITAN                                     TIRSO LODRIGA                           
DIONISIO BABIA                                        MARCELINO IGLESIA
 VIVENCIO PAVINO JR                              IGMEDIO PLACINO

Mayor   ………………………………………………………….Hobart  R Dator
Vice Mayor   …………………………………………………. VIVENCIO PAVINO JR                              
TEODORA PERMALINO                           ALFONSO ABCEDE
RODRIGO NANAD                                     NEMENSIO VALLE
FIDENCIO NANTES                                   DIONISIO BABIA
TEODORO CADA                                       FELIX AVILA
On the” 60” different breed of Politician emerged, They were corrupt and venal who used the perpetuated themselves in power by establishing Political dynasties and maintaining private Armies electorate especially in 1965 and 1969 in the Philippines were polluted by the Frauds ,Black, Profaganda, Massive Vote Buying and Terrorism
                                                            The Chronicle Magazine Manila February 15 1969

                                                       MARTIAL LAW RULE

                                                             LUCBAN NEW HOPES
                                                                   Mayor Fidel S. Rada 
                                                             (January 1,1972-August 27 1973)
When Mayor Fidel S Rada died on August 28 1973,thousands of people passed the Catholic Church in Lucban,where his body lay in state to pay their last respect to an eminent man who devoted his public life in ennobling the genuine meaning of Public service. The funeral procession that carried his body to graveyard in outskirts of town was joined by the great multitude of people which by far was the biggest public turnout for any similar event in the history of Lucban. Fidel S. Rada was born on April 22, 1907 in Lucban,Tayabas(Quezon) to family of modest means. His parents were Florentino Rada and Natalia Salva. He took hi Elementary Education in his Home Town and finished his Secondary Education at Tayabas Provincial High School. He married Emerciana Apolo whom he had five Children.
 He launched himself on Bakery business which he started in Lucena later he transferred in Naga City which proved to be quite success. He quoted as saying that he wished to spend the remaining years of his life in serving Lucban. twice he suffered defeat in his attempt to capture the mayorship of Lucban against Mayor Hobart R Dator. Despite his Political Misfortune, He managed to Donate a ten –room School building for the Lucban Elementary School known today as Fidel S.Rada Building. Finally, He won the mayoralty post Election of 1971 at the Age of sixty four.
 His more notable achievements were Expansion of Municipal Building; Concreting of P.Gomez (Now F. Rada) F Villasenor.m Tigla,Balintawak,Biak na Bato(Now Plaridel) Pilanderia (Now E.Zurbano)Arenas (Now Maderal st.)and portion of M.H. del Pilar(Now Avenida Rizal)construction of Barangay road, artesian well.He also made no attempt to disguise his disgust for gambling when he ordered a clam down on ‘Jueteng”’Cara Cruz”  and other illegal Gambling. Despite political pressure, He close down the only” Kabaret “ in Town.
                                                                  Teodora S Permalino 
                                                          (August 28-September 23,1973
the masses, such social division was based on wealth rather that Education and Ancestral the name Teodora S Permalino will certainly go down in the History of Lucban as first woman to assume the Masyorship.
 First elected in 1967 as Councilor who garnered the highest of Votes, Permalino subsequently elected as Vice Mayor Teodora S Permalino  took his oath of Office as Mayor of Lucban. However, The following events overtook Permalino”s succession. President Ferdinand E Marcos issued an appointment  order designating Armando Racelis as Mayor of Lucban. Teodora S Permalino.Daughter of Pedro Salvanera and Severina De A Una,was born on November  9 ,1936 He finishe Bachelor of Science in Education at Luzonian College now manuel S Enverga University Foundation ,He married to late Miguel Permalino,Who served the US. Navy and having two children

                                                               Armando M. Racelis 
                                                               (September 24,1973-1986_)
 On September 24,1973,Armando M Racelis was sworn into the office by President Ferdinand E Marcos to be the first Mayor in the Philippines Republic appointed by Martial law Never did it occur to him that he would be destined to spend a part of his life in Politics after spending twenty six years in the Government service being the Regional Director for Parks and Wild Life in Region IX Mayor Armando Racelis the fourth of eight children, was born in district of Luwal in Lucban, Quezon on November 1,1924 to Jose Racelis an Francisca Manalac of Nasugbu, Batangas,His Father,a noted disciplinarian,wa a pioneer teacher in  Elementary School during the American Regime. The young Racelis was enrolled at the l;ucban Elementary School, but completed the seventh year of his primary Education at the Lucena Elementary School after attending his High School at Lucban Institute, he never attend any formal schooling ,However he find wider opportunities for self advancement while attending various training such as N.B.I POLICE Academy Seminars in Manila. Communication Methods and Techniques in University of The Philippines and management supervising Course at the Civil Service Commission. When the war  against the Japanese Broke out Racelis joined the Guerilla movement and became the Executive Officer of te Service Company of Sector 43 Anderson<s Guerilla He recognized as 1st   Lt. in the Philippine Army and honorably discharged on May 16 1946.
 During the Local Election of 1980 Mayor Racelis submitted himself to the people mandate and won a landslide Victory against two opposing candidates
 As a local Chief executive, Mayor Racelis Achievements are all the more remarkable when notes the tremendous progress his able Administration has brought to Lucban in the last  n early 20 years .Shorn the Partisan Politics, His Administration was able to meet the Challenge of Uniting the Local leaders with divergent Political Interest and  galvanized them into Cooperative efforts for Developments.

                                              1986 EDSA REVOLUTION
                                      RESTORATION OF DEMOCRACY
After the February 22-25 1986 the peaceful “People Power Revolution” Mrs  Aquino was inducted as first lady President of the Philippines


6 (na) komento:

  1. Salamat po sa pag post nito. I learned a lot. :)

  2. Thank you for sharing and posting a piece of History about Lucban. This is where my family came from -proud Dator

  3. Thank you for documenting informatiom about the history of Lucban. Good to learn about the place my dad grew up in.

  4. anong taon ba naging municipal mayor si armando racelis I ?

  5. Decendent of the Racelis and Cabungal. Happy to see the history of my family!

  6. wow! salamatpo ! ditto ko lamang ang history ng lucban..